- Poor planning of infrastructure is also responsible for flooding
- China has released water in the Brahmaputra River to a maximum extent in the last 5 decades
- States like Assam are devastated by floods every year.
Floods in India: In India, people rejoice and get relief from the heat when the monsoons begin, and in some parts of the world, disaster strikes every year. Several parts of India were inundated due to recent heavy rains. Every year people die due to floods in Assam. The same situation was observed this year too. 118 people died due to flood. 32 out of 36 districts were flooded. Also, 54.5 lakh people have been affected since April.
Devastation is seen in Nakhon, Hojai, Cachar and Tarang. At the same time, Silchar in Barak Valley was badly affected. Landslides occurred in Dima-Hasao, Golpara, Morigaon and Kamrup. Floods have also wreaked havoc in Meghalaya. Floods also occurred in Bihar. At the same time, floods in Jammu and Kashmir are causing human and economic devastation. That being the case, the question must arise in people’s minds as to why maximum floods occur only in these states.
Assam has received 53.4 mm of rain till June 19. 528.5 mm of rain has been recorded in the first two weeks of last month alone. This is an increase of 109%.
What are the responsible causes?
Environmental experts and climate change risk analysts give 3 reasons for Assam’s floods every year. The increase in such weather events is due to climate change, continuation of construction activities and rapid industrialization.
What is the government’s response?
Every year when floods occur, the state government provides full support. Apart from providing financial assistance to the government, the army is also deployed for relief and rescue operations. On floods, the NTRF says, there is little facility to measure the severity of floods. Currently, the central government is preparing to bring a new formula. The decision was taken in a meeting chaired by Home Minister Amit Shah. The meeting was held early last month. Ministers of concerned Ministries and Departments also participated in it.
Abinash Mohanty, project head of the Energy, Environment and Water Council in Assam, said that the state of Assam is experiencing high levels of landslides. There is no plan to prevent landslides caused by climate change. When the river overflows, the drainage channels are not managed and improved. Uncontrolled and unplanned development has been going on for years. Urbanization is increasing and development plans are not being checked or implemented. Such infrastructure is not produced at ground level, which does not affect the climate.
A state in eastern India
33 people have died due to floods in Bihar this year. There was also a flood in August 2021. Bhagalpur district was worst affected by the floods. The level of the Ganga River was recorded in 2016 from 34.72 meters to 34.75 meters (meters per second). The HFL (high flood level) of the Ganga at Hadida, Patna was recorded as 43.33 metres.
Reason for poor infrastructure
Poor infrastructure planning was blamed for the disaster caused by last year’s heavy rains. Environmentalists say the weakened banks of the Kosi River, which caused last year’s floods, are a prime example of poor engineering.
Jammu and Kashmir
There are also incidents of floods and landslides after heavy rains. One of the reasons behind this is climate change. Rivers flowing in mountainous areas are narrow and cannot carry much water. Due to this, after rains, the water level of the river rises and floods occur. This will save less time to move people to safer places. This disrupts infrastructure, communication facilities and power supply.
China is also responsible for floods in India
China is also believed to be responsible for massive floods in Indian states. A 2018 report showed that China had opened water in the Brahmaputra river, prompting flood warnings in Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. China had informed India that the water level of Changbo river had risen. An alert was issued in three districts of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. China has released the largest amount of water in the Brahmaputra river in the last 50 years. The river is known as Tsangbo in Tibet, Chiang in Arunachal and Brahmaputra in Assam.